The scientific publication code of ethics must be fully adhered to by all parties involved in the publication process of this journal, including editors, authors and reviewers. The ethical code for scientific publications is based on LIPI Head Regulation Number 5 of 2014, which essentially upholds three moral values in publications: 1) Neutrality, namely being free from conflicts of interest in managing publications; 2) Justice, namely giving authorship rights to those entitled to be authors/writers; and 3) Honesty, namely free from duplication, fabrication, falsification and plagiarism (DF2P) in publications.

1. Meeting the needs of readers and writers.
2. Strive to improve the quality of publications continuously.
3. Implement a process to ensure the quality of published written work.
4. Prioritize freedom of opinion objectively.
5. Maintain the integrity of the author's academic track record.
6. Deliver corrections, clarifications, withdrawals and apologies if necessary.
7. Responsible for the style and format of the written work, while the content and all statements in the written work are the writer's responsibility.
8. Actively ask for opinions from writers, readers, review partners and editorial board members to improve the quality of publications.
9. Encourage an assessment of the journal if there are findings.
10. Support initiatives to reduce research and publication errors by asking authors to attach an Ethical Clearance form approved by the Ethical Clearance Commission.
11. Support initiatives to educate authors about publication ethics.
12. Examine the effect of publication policies on the attitudes of authors and bestari partners and improve them to increase responsibility and reduce errors.
13. Have an open mind to new opinions or other people's views that may conflict with personal opinions.
14. Do not maintain your opinion of the author or a third party, which could result in a non-objective decision.
15. Encourage writers to improve their written work until it is suitable for publication.


1. Ensure that those included in the list of authors meet the criteria as authors.
2. Collectively responsible for the work and content of the article, including methods, analysis, calculations and details.
3. State the origin of resources (including funding) directly or indirectly.
4. Explain the limitations of the research.
5. Respond to comments made by Bestari partners in a professional and timely manner.
6. Inform the editor if you want to withdraw your written work.
7. Make a statement that the written work submitted for publication is original, has never been published anywhere in any language, and is not in the process of being introduced to another publisher.

1. Receive an assignment from the editor to review the written work and submit the results to the editor as material for determining the suitability of a written work for publication.
2. Reviewers may not review written works that involve themselves, either directly or indirectly.
3. Maintain the author's privacy by not disseminating the results of corrections, suggestions and recommendations by providing criticism, suggestions, input and recommendations.
4. Encourage writers to improve their written work.
5. Review written work that has been corrected according to predetermined standards.
6. Written work is reviewed promptly according to the style of the publication environment based on scientific principles (data collection methods, legality of authors, conclusions, etc.).