RELIGION, CULTURE & STATE JOURNAL <p>Religion, Culture, and State (RCS) journal is a multi-disciplinary peer-review journal focused on religion, culture, local traditions, and politics. The journal received social science research results, including Sociology, Anthropology, communication, international relations, law, and various other interdisciplinaries. CRCS jounral managed by Study Center of Islamic Culture and Society (ICS) Universitas Mataram.&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Indexed By</strong></p> <p><a title="Google Scholar" href=";view_op=list_works&amp;gmla=AJsN-F5cF0vObdYK9P3c3-XP1ac8xnZ-pf3TmVWOTHQdHL6uFN9aXDw-ZEELdCtQNi6SzuSgz5itBIzvCY2SEmCsM0UH-JkJzD6FxyffT_do7_r5L_R6rO4&amp;user=MzXr7qAAAAAJ" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><img src="/public/site/images/pulham/Google_scholar1.png"></a></p> Universitas Mataram en-US RELIGION, CULTURE & STATE JOURNAL 2807-6826 Demitologization of Local Culture as a Queue to Religious Radicalism <p>Nurcholis Madjid's thoughts on local culture rarely become the concentration of researchers. Researchers are trapped in the general assumption that Nurcholish Madjid is a thinker of Islamic modernism in the grand flow of refinement of teachings as he admires Ibn Taymiyah. Therefore, his views on local culture that are critically appreciative are forgotten in their working papers. Nurcholis Madjid's view of the local culture can be used as a bridge for the deradicalization of one's religious understanding. This article, therefore, aims at first, finding Nurcholish Madjid's views on local culture; secondly, looking for factors that affect Nurcholis Madjid's thoughts about local culture and thirdly, finding the relevance of Nurcholish Madjid's thoughts about local culture to the current condition of Indonesia. Through the critical analytical descriptive method, this articleconcluded three findings; First, local culture for Nurcholish Madjid is the cultural richness of a nation that gives colour to religious thought. For him, local culture must be demitologized. Second, Nurcholis Madjid's thoughts about local culture are influenced by multi ideological education factors and a pluralist social environment. Third, the thought of Nurcholish Madjid provides a new perspective for radical understanding which is connected with the problem of religious and cultural relations.</p> Iswahyudi Copyright (c) 2021 RELIGION, CULTURE & STATE JOURNAL 2021-10-05 2021-10-05 1 1 37 56 Counter Terrorism by The Indonesian National Armed Forces in The Perspective of The Protection of Human Rights <p>Throughout the history of combating terrorism in Indonesia, the Indonesian National Armed Forces (Tentara Nasional Indonesia - abbreviated as TNI) has played an important role in combating terrorist acts. The role and involvement of the TNI in general has been regulated in statutory regulations. Act 5 of 2018 states that the TNI has a duty to combat terrorism, this effort is called military operations other than war. This military involvement will be represented by the TNI Joint Special Operations Command. However, the involvement of the TNI in combating terrorism in Indonesia can also lead to a number of negative implications, such as the occurrence of human rights violations. If the TNI commits human rights violations while arresting suspected terrorists, the public will find it difficult to hold them accountable and monitor the course of the case. Past experience illustrates that there have been many cases of violations of human rights violations committed by the TNI and there is no legal process. Therefore, in order to avoid the occurrence of human rights violations, it is important to formulate the intensity and situations in which the TNI can be involved in combating terrorism. Thus, there are at least three things that are studied in depth in this study. First, analyze the regulations on combating terrorism in Indonesia. Second, analyze potential human rights violations by the TNI in combating terrorism. Third, formulate a counterterrorism design for the TNI to prevent human rights violations.</p> Labib Muttaqin Aka Al Fatony Copyright (c) 2021 RELIGION, CULTURE & STATE JOURNAL 2021-10-06 2021-10-06 1 1 22 36 Pengobatan Tradisional Suku Sasak <p><em>This study aims to explore one of the traditional medicine traditions of the Sasak people in a sacred tomb of Yok </em><em>in Dasan </em><em>Lekong, Sukamulia, East Lombok. This traditional medicine has been running for a long time and continues to be maintained </em><em>by the local communities </em><em>until now, the Sasak people come on pilgrimages to treat sick family members. They believe that by bathing and following the ritual prayers at the tomb they can recover</em><em> from illness.</em><em> Therefore, this study specifically aims to understand the history of the emergence of Yok</em><em>’</em><em>s sacred tomb as a place of treatment, and the treatment procession carried out at Yok</em><em>’</em><em>s tomb. The complexity of the methods and processes in this treatment directs this research to understand the symbolic meaning of the offerings or the media used in the treatment and the reasons why the Sasak people still maintain </em><em>the tradition of </em><em>traditional medicine at the Yok sacred tomb. This research was conducted for one year using a qualitative method with a phenomenological approach. Determination of informants in this study using snowball sampling. The data collection techniques used observation-participation techniques, interviews, documentation, and also triangulation</em><em> to cross check over all the data</em><em>. The data analysis in this study used the </em><em>s</em><em>ocial </em><em>c</em><em>onstruction theory of Peter L. Berger and Tomas Luckman, and Herbert Blumer's theory of Symbolic Intractionism.</em></p> Riska Aini Saipul Hamdi Nila Kusuma Arif Nasrullah Copyright (c) 2021 RELIGION, CULTURE & STATE JOURNAL 2021-10-07 2021-10-07 1 1 57 84 Penerapan Nilai Syariah dalam Jabatan Notaris di Lombok Nusa Tenggara Barat <p><em>The notary is public officials who are authorized to make authentic deeds regarding all actions and agreements based on the constitution of the notary position. This study examines the correlation between Islamic education and the position of a notary. In particular, this study aims to understand the nature of the principles of sharia values ​​in the notary position, the implementation of the notary in making sharia deeds, and the ideal construction of sharia-based notary positions. This research is field research using qualitative methods. In terms of data collection, I applied some techniques such as observation, interviews, and documentation. The main data source in this research is the notarial study program at the University of Mataram. So, to get a good source, I conduct observations and collect accurate data by visiting the Main Office of the NTB Syariah Bank and the Notary Office on the island of Lombok. The study results show that the higher the Islamic thinking and methods used in teaching following competency standards and&nbsp;</em><em>fresh ijtihad</em><em>, the higher the quality of education in the unique skills of prospective notaries. Another finding is that the notary person is required to have strong moral that obey the prophet way in recording transactions (writing) in non-cash&nbsp;</em><em>muamalah&nbsp;</em><em>activities for a specified time, which is currently better known as Islamic institutional financing to determine whether it is legal (authentic deed) and not legal (underhand deed) deed made because it is classified as a correct item and does not conflict with&nbsp;</em><em>iltizam,</em><em>&nbsp;which is under sharia transaction principles and leaves conventional transactions. This study also proves that the current growth of sharia transactions and technology creates a positive correlation, namely the increasing religious value of Muslim Notaries in Lombok.</em></p> Mohammad Jeffry Maulidi Mutawali Nurul Yakin Copyright (c) 2021 RELIGION, CULTURE & STATE JOURNAL 2021-10-07 2021-10-07 1 1 85 111 Kontribusi Pesantren Ma’had Dar Al-Qur’an Wa Al-Hadith (MDQH)Al-Majidiyah Al-Shafiiyah Nahdlatul Wathan dalam Merawat Tradisi Ketuan-Guruan di Lombok, NTB <p><em>Pesantren is a religious educational institution whose existence has a long history in Indonesia. Pesantren has an important role in producing religious figures including kyai, ulama and tuan guru. However, this role began to fade as many secular educational institutions emerged which were marked by the presence of modernization in various fields, and at the same time pesantren began to change a lot to adapt to this new system and structure. This study specifically aims to explore the role and contribution of Pesantren Ma'had Dar Al-Qruan wa Al-Hadis (MDQH) Nahdlatul Wathan in defending the reproduction of tuan guru tradition, and strategies are used to be able to maintain this tradition. This research also focuses on examining the continuity and change that occurs and is carried out by MDQH NW in reproducing the tuan guru tradition. This study uses qualitative methods in data collection and analysis. In terms of collecting data, researchers used some techniques including observation-participation, in-depth interviews and documentation in data collection. The theory used to analyze the data in the field is social capital theory, to see the network that is built and the trust that MDQH teachers continue to instill in students, parents and the surrounding community. The results showed that MDQH NW had a significant contribution in maintaining the tuan guru tradition. This is evidenced by the pattern of education and all institutional activities oriented to the pesantren culture with the study of the al-Mu'tabarah book in the halaqah system. The strategies used include strengthening traditional education strategies, socio-religious relations, and Islamic da'wah. Continuity is also seen in the social relations built with the community at Madrasah Shaulatiyah Makkah al-Mukarromah and the collaboration between institutions. The changes that occur in MDQH NW Pancor are in the volume of study time, especially for female students (talibat) who previously took 3 years to 4 years, equated with male students (tullab). However, pesantren MDQH NW&nbsp; in Anjani still maintains the provisions that became the legacy of its founders, namely 3 years for lalibat and 4 tullab.</em></p> Supratman Muslim Suprapto Jamaluddin Copyright (c) 2021 RELIGION, CULTURE & STATE JOURNAL 2021-10-08 2021-10-08 1 1 112 132 Perubahan Sosial dan Respon Masyarakat Lokal Akibat Perkembangan Pariwisata di Desa Sapit, Lombok Timur <p><em>Sapit village is an affluent area in terms of natural, cultural, and artistic resources. This wealth is used to develop tourism, and various tourist objects have been developed to attract local and foreign tourists. Tourism development is one form of policy in improving the community's economy, but the impact of tourism will always appear in terms of community social life, especially in the Sapit Village community, East Lombok Regency. Social changes cannot be avoided due to interactions between local communities and tourists. Therefore, this study aims to uncover and explain social changes and local community responses due to tourism developments. This research applied a qualitative method with a descriptive approach. Data were taken through observation, interviews, and documentation. Data were analyzed using Miles and Huberman's interactive analysis model. The results of this study indicate that the people of Sapit Village experienced changes in socio-economic aspects and socio-cultural aspects. Changes in socio-economic aspects include four change indicators, namely in production, distribution, consumption, and institutional activities. Meanwhile, changes in socio-cultural aspects include three indicators: changes in the essence and existence of social capital, values ​​and norms, and cultural institutions. The local community's response to tourism development is divided into two, namely those who agree because they feel the economic or material impact directly due to tourism and the response of local communities who do not agree because of the fiqh studies they have and logically understand the negative impact of tourism development.</em></p> Lisa Amrina Lalu Wiresapta Karyadi Saipul Hamdi Copyright (c) 2021 RELIGION, CULTURE & STATE JOURNAL 2021-10-08 2021-10-08 1 1 133 162 Aanalisis Kemampuan Melaksanakan Pembelajaran Tematik Guru Sekolah Dasar Negeri Gugus 1 Kediri, Lombok Barat <p><em>This study aims to explain the extent of the teacher's ability to carry out thematic learning at the State Elementary School Cluster 1 Kediri, West Lombok. Thematic learning is a real challenge for teachers in carrying out classroom learning because of schools' limited facilities and time, especially during the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic in Indonesia. The study applies the descriptive qualitative method. For sampling in this study, I used a non-probability technique of purposive sampling, that is, not all teachers were will become samples, but based on specific criteria. There were six teachers of the second class, State Elementary School Cluster 1 Kediri. The results of this study indicated that 1) the principle of exploring thematic learning plans in the second class of the Kediri State Elementary School has not been appropriately implemented, 2) some teachers have not been able to apply the thematic learning model fluently because learning activities constrain them carried out from home due to pandemic Covid-19, 3) learning has been carried out under the learning tools that have been prepared, 4) the principles also cannot be done because the learning process is online so that there is an evaluation interaction carried out. These data show that the implementation of thematic learning in the Kediri State of Elementary School Cluster 1 is still not well being implemented.</em></p> Kurnia Ariani Dahlia I Nyoman Karma Itsna Oktaviyanti Copyright (c) 2021 RELIGION, CULTURE & STATE JOURNAL 2021-10-10 2021-10-10 1 1 163 185 Tradisi Ritual Nede Sebagai Media Meminta Hujan di Makam Embung Puntiq, Kecamatan Praya Timur Kabupaten Lombok Tengah <p><em>This article examines the construction of the&nbsp;nede&nbsp;ritual tradition at the Embung Puntiq tomb as a medium for asking for rain. The&nbsp;nede&nbsp;ritual is one of the rituals carried out by the people of the Dusun Rentang every year. The tradition of&nbsp;nede&nbsp;ritual has an essential role in helping the people who live around the surrounding Dusun Rentang to convey their vows either in the form of asking for rain, healing from illness, or asking for something else. This study uses qualitative research methods in data collection and analysis. Determination of informants in this study was using purposive sampling. The data collection techniques used observation, interview, and documentation techniques. The collected data were analyzed and interpreted using the social construction theory of Peter L Berger and Thomas Luckman. This study indicates that the history of the emergence of the&nbsp;nede&nbsp;ritual, in general, began with a drought in the community and made the Embung Puntiq tomb a place for the&nbsp;nede&nbsp;ritual. The emergence of the history of the Embung Puntiq tomb stems from the war that occurred during the reign of Datu Pejanggik Raden Mas Panji Meraje Kusume, who was attacked by the Anak Agung Karang Asem, the Balinese kingdom that invaded the West part of Lombok Island. Raden Mas Panji Meraje Kusume fell when he drew his sword until he scratched his little finger and dripped blood on the spot. He then disappeared suddenly, and the place was planted with banana trees as a sign of his grave. The process and stages in implementing the&nbsp;nede&nbsp;ritual include determining the date on the 7th month, cooking offerings, and making other preparations. The&nbsp;nede&nbsp;ritual process starts from saying greetings, going around the tomb three times, reading the tomb's history, reading the&nbsp;sembek&nbsp;prayer, and finally eating together. The reason people still maintain the&nbsp;nede&nbsp;ritual tradition is because their beliefs and knowledge are so attached to God and the beliefs of their ancestors, which must be maintained and preserved from generation to generation.</em></p> Eni Oktaviani Saipul Hamdi Nila Kusuma Copyright (c) 2021 RELIGION, CULTURE & STATE JOURNAL 2021-10-11 2021-10-11 1 1 186 219 Respon Kultural Pemuda Terhadap Pengembangan Kawasan Wisata Mandalika Di Desa Kuta Lombok Tengah <p>Pengembangan Kawasan Kuta Mandalika merupakan salah satu bentuk perkembangan pariwisata yang ditandai dengan munculnya Kawasan Ekonomi Khusus (KEK) Mandalika dan Grand prix Moto Gp tahun 2021. Pengembangan pariwisata merupakan salah satu bentuk kebijakan dalam meningkatkan perekonomian masyarakat, meskipun begitu dampak pariwisata akan selalu muncul dalam segi kehidupan sosial masyarakat khususnya pada Pemuda di Desa Kuta Lombok Tengah. Pemuda asli menjadi objek kajian peneliti karena memiliki peran besar dalam memberikan pengaruh kondisi sosial desa di masa depan. Oleh karena itu penelitian ini betujuan untuk mengungkap dan menjelaskan respon kultural pemuda terhadap pengembangan Kawasan Wisata Mandalika di Desa Kuta. Metode Penelitian menggunakan metode kualitatif dengan pendekatan fenomenologi. Data diambil melalui observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi. Data dianalisis dengan menggunakan model analisis interaktif Miles dan Huberman. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa Respon kultural pemuda terhadap pengembangan kawasan Wisata Kuta Mandalika di Desa Kuta Lombok Tengah masih kuat denga indikator bahwa pemuda masih kuat dalam melaksanakan adat budaya dan sistem kepercayaan serta kebiasaannya meskipun pada pariwisata tetap berdampak pada pemuda terutama pada intensitas pertemuan ketika ada kegiatan-kegiatan kebersamaan. Selain itu juga orientasi budaya pada pemuda menunjukan pemuda sudah berpikir rasional.</p> Nurul Haromain Lalu Wiresapta Karyadi Maya Atri Komalasari Copyright (c) 2021 RELIGION, CULTURE & STATE JOURNAL 2021-10-12 2021-10-12 1 1 220 240 RELIGION AND PUBLIC SPHERE <p><em>I</em><em>ndonesian government recognizes six official religions: Islam, Christianity, Catholicism, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Confucianism. This diverse recognition is evident from the way the Indonesian government establishes national holidays based on important religious ceremonies, events and celebrations. The Indonesians’ multi-religious atmosphere is emphasized further by official recognition of&nbsp; three kinds of new year as public holidays .ie: i) Islamic New Year, falling on the first of Hijri, ii) the </em><em>Hindu-Balinese </em><em>New Year of Caka, iii) </em><em>N</em><em>ew year in the Gregorian calendar (Tahun Baru Masehi). The</em><em> 1945 </em><em>constitution</em><em> provides further legitimate </em><em>recognition over Indonesians’ religious diversities as stipulated </em><em>i</em><em>n </em><em>its</em><em> article</em><em> number</em><em> 29, stating: “</em><em>the state guarantees all persons the freedom of worship, each according to his/her own religion or belief.</em> <em>As far as diversity is concerned, t</em><em>his article </em><em>focuses</em><em> on</em><em> the inter-religious relationship in a ritual setting. It looks more specifically at </em><em>&nbsp;Hindu Balinese’ r</em><em>itual procession, </em><em>&nbsp;Ogoh-Ogoh display</em><em>,</em> <em>held a day before</em><em> Nyepi</em><em> in the midst of Muslim spectators</em> <em>in Lombok.</em><em>Th</em><em>is ritual procession </em><em>raise</em><em>s</em><em> important findings: i) that religious expression of a certain group require</em><em>s</em><em> the extension of its values boundary beyond its own membership, and demands the tolerance upon others, ii) confronted with external stimulation, a religious group may show persistence and partial tolerance in different contextual settings</em><em>, iii) the importance of inclusive public sphere for strengthening religious identity. Here public sphere comprises of Hindu-Balinese as the main ritual players, Sasak Muslims as the major spectators, and the main roads of Mataram city where a set of ritual conduct is demonstrated. </em></p> Erni Budiwanti Copyright (c) 2021 RELIGION, CULTURE & STATE JOURNAL 2021-10-13 2021-10-13 1 1 1 21