• Claresta Salsabila Putri Evianto
  • Akhada Maulana
  • Ewaldo Amirullah Hadi
Keywords: overactive bladder, management


Overactive bladder (OAB) syndrome is a common condition characterized by urinary urgency, with or without urgency incontinence, frequency and nocturia, in the absence of any other pathology. Clinical diagnosis based upon patient self-reported symptoms. Currently there are plenty of treatments available for the management of OAB. Clinical guidelines suggest treatment via a multidisciplinary pathway including behavioural therapy and pharmacotherapy, which can be commenced in primary care, with referral to specialist services in those patients refractory to these treatments. Intradetrusor botulinum A and sacral neuromodulation provide safe and efficacious management of refractory OAB. Percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation and augmentation cystoplasty remain available and efficacious in a select group of patients. Unfortunately, there remains a high rate of patient dissatisfaction and discontinuation in all treatments and thus there remains a need for emerging therapies in the management of OAB.

Author Biographies

Claresta Salsabila Putri Evianto
Medical Profession Program, Medical faculty of Mataram University, West Nusa Tenggara, INDONESIA
Akhada Maulana
Staff Division of Urology/Department of Surgery, Medical Faculty of Mataram University/West Nusa Tenggara Province General Hospital West Nusa Tenggara, INDONESIA
Ewaldo Amirullah Hadi
Surgeon Resident, Medical Faculty of Mataram University/West Nusa Tenggara Province General Hospital, West Nusa Tenggara, INDONESIA